The Safe Cities Index 2015 is an Economist Intelligence Unit report, sponsored by NEC. The report is based on an index composed of more than 40 quantitative and qualitative indicators. These indicators are split across four thematic categories: digital security; health security; infrastructure safety; and personal safety. Every city in the Index is scored across these four categories.
Each category, represented throughout the report by the icons shown in the key, comprises between three and eight sub-indicators. These indicators are divided between inputs, such as policy measures and levels of spending, and outputs, such as the frequency of vehicular accidents.
The Index focuses on 50 cities (18 in Asia Pacific and four cities in Southeast Asia) selected by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), based on factors such as regional representation and availability of data. Therefore, it should not be considered a comprehensive list of the world’s safest cities (ie, a city coming number 50 in the list does not make it the most perilous place to live in the world).
According to the EIU, the safety of cities can ebb and flow. As some threats recede, others mature. The frequency of terrorism and natural disasters has changed the nature of urban safety: power,communications and transport systems must be robust and able to withstand new external shocks. Meanwhile, new risks emerge. Cyber risk has accompanied the advent of the digital age.
Urban safety is therefore a critical issue that is set to become even more important over time. Securing public safety means addressing a wide—and evolving—range of risks. The Safe
Cities Index aims to capture this complexity.
The relatively low performance of Bangkok, Jakarta and Ho Chi Minh City is due to deficient infrastructure in public transport, relatively high pollution rate, high petty crimes in cities such as Ho Chi Minh City and Jakarta while digital security is also at stake due to weak protection of data and censorship.