Strong economic growth in Asia, better connectivity by air, simplified visa procedures for most Greater Mekong Sub-region countries° helped the region achieving its best performance in international arrivals last year, by passing the 60-million visitors’ mark.
Year after year, the Greater Mekong Sub-region is attracting more travellers. 2017 was no exception with record numbers registered for the members of the Greater Mekong Sub-region. Total international visitors arrivals reached last year 61.2 million (excluding Chinese provinces of Guangxi and Yunnan). This represented a jump of 11.7% over 2016. In 2016, total international arrivals to the GMS passed for the first time the 50-million mark to reach 54.76 million visitors.
If Guangxi and Yunnan were to be included in the total, this would represent an additional 9.5 million international visits in 2017. Yunnan officially registered a total of 6.68 million international visits, an increase of 11.2% over 2016. Guangxi seems to have recorded a drop last year in international visits and did not publish data. The only available data for 2017 gives total visits including Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. This represented 5.12 million of visits, up by 6.2%.
Thailand continues to have the largest market share of all international arrivals in the region. The Kingdom welcomed in 2017 close to 35.5 million visitors, a jump of 8.6% over 2016. Thailand market share shrunk slightly from 59.5% to 57.8% of all arrivals, a slight decrease due to the strong rise in international arrivals from Vietnam. Thailand retains however its lead and has the ambition to accommodate over 40 million travellers by the end of the decade. An ambitious program of upgrading airports and improve rail connectivity should help bringing more travellers to the Kingdom.
Vietnam is consolidating its position as the GMS second largest inbound destination for international travellers. Total visitors arrivals reached last year 12.9 million, a jump of 29.1% over year 2016. This is due to a huge rise in total arrivals from China (+48.5%) but also to a more open visa policy from the government and, last but not least, to an increase in air connectivity. Many new international routes started from Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Danang but also from secondary destinations such as Dalat, Haiphong, Nha Trang and Phu Quoc.
Cambodia is now the third largest inbound market of all GMS countries with over 5.6 million international visitors in 2017, a growth of almost 12% over 2016. Cambodia is targeting 7.5 million travellers by the end of the decade. While main destinations remain Siem Reap/ Angkor and Phnom Penh, new resorts along the Gulf of Siam are increasingly positioning Cambodia into a seaside destination with more international flights landing in Sihanoukville.
- Lao PDR
Lao PDR recorded last year a decline of 8.7% in total visitors’ arrivals, the equivalent of 3.87 million international travellers. The hosting of Visit Laos Year 2018 should invert the trend and let Laos seeing more visitors coming during the year. More flights connect these days Vientiane and Luang Prabang while by 2022, the country’s first high speed train connecting Vientiane to Kunming via Luang Prabang should boost arrivals, mostly from China.
Myanmar managed to revert last year the decline in tourist arrivals experienced in 2016. Total international visitors’ arrivals grew by 18.4% allowing the country to pass again the 3-million mark. Yangon, the country’s largest international gateway saw arrivals growing by over 6%. Simplified visa formalities with the introduction of an e-visa for tourists should have a positive effect this year. The upgrading of Bagan and Inlay Lake airports to allow them to receive regional flights will certainly help boosting international arrivals in the years to come.
China inbound gaining importance
The excellent performance of GMS countries is mostly due to the dynamic of the Chinese holiday market. Except for Lao PDR and Myanmar, China is now the number 1 inbound market in the region, generating alone 25.8% of all arrivals to the GMS in 2017.
Chinese travellers to Thailand is slowly approaching the 10-million mark (9.81 million in 2017, up 12% and a market share of 27.7% of all arrivals).
In Vietnam, Chinese arrivals jumped by 48% last year to reach 4.01 million, representing a market share of 31% of all arrivals to the country. Cambodia received 1.21 million Chinese travellers last year, although a jump of 45% over 2016. Chinese visitors represent now 21.6% of all arrivals.
While total visitors to Laos declined last year, China continued to grow. Total arrivals jumped by 17% equivalent to 639,000 visitors. China was actually the only large inbound source market for Laos to experience growth last year and representing 16.5% of all arrivals.
Myanmar saw last year Chinese arrivals growing by 15.6% to pass for the first time the 200,000-visitors mark. China market share remains relatively small as it represents only 15.6% of all arrivals at international gateways (excluding one-day visitors movements at land borders).
(°excludes China provinces of Guangxi and Yunnan)
Visitors arrivals to the Greater Mekong Sub-region° in 2017
Total arrivals 2016
Top Five inbound markets
South Korea 1,709,070
Lao PDR 1,612,647
South Korea 2,415,245
Lao PDR 502,219
South Korea 345,081
South Korea 170,571
South Korea 65,828
(°excludes China provinces of Guangxi and Yunnan)